Each breeds’ parent club creates a guideline, called the Breed Standard, that is a written description of what they consider to be the ideal dog. These standards cover items such as height and weight, color texture, colors, eye color and shape, ear shape and placement, feet, tail, etc.
Some standards are very specific, yet some are open to the judges interpretation of the breed standard. Thus, what may represent a winner at one show, may result in a non-winner at another show.
For most handlers the goal of the AKC dog shows is to gain points towards their dog’s championship. To reach this goal, a dog must earn 15 points, including at least two, three point major wins. The points to be awarded will be determined by the number of dogs and bitches entered. Each region of the country, called sections, will have different point schedules.